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The winner of the classification is the rider with the most points at the end of the Tour. In case of a tie, the leader is determined by the number of stage wins, then the number of intermediate sprint victories, and finally, the rider's standing in the general classification.
The classification has been won a record seven times by Peter Sagan. In the jersey was changed to red to please the sponsor.
For almost 25 years the classification was sponsored by Pari Mutuel Urbain, a state betting company. As of , the points awarded are: .
The leader of the classification is determined the same way as the general classification, with the riders' times being added up after each stage and the eligible rider with lowest aggregate time is dubbed the leader.
The Young rider classification is restricted to the riders that are under the age of Originally the classification was restricted to neo-professionals — riders that are in their first three years of professional racing — until In , the organizers made it so that only first time riders were eligible for the classification.
In , the organizers changed the rules of the classification to what they are today. This classification was added to the Tour de France in the edition , with Francesco Moser being the first to win the classification after placing seventh overall.
The Tour de France awards a white jersey to the leader of the classification, although this was not done between and Two riders have won the young rider classification three times in their respective careers: Jan Ullrich and Andy Schleck.
The most combative rider wears a number printed white-on-red instead of black-on-white next day. An award goes to the most aggressive rider throughout the Tour.
Already in a sort of combativity award was offered, when Sports Populaires and L'Education Physique created Le Prix du Courage , francs and a silver gilt medal for "the rider having finished the course, even if unplaced, who is particularly distinguished for the energy he has used.
It was initially not awarded every year, but since it has been given annually. Eddy Merckx has the most wins 4 for the overall award.
The team classification is assessed by adding the time of each team's best three riders each day. The competition does not have its own jersey but since the leading team has worn numbers printed black-on-yellow.
Until , the leading team would wear yellow caps. As of , the riders of the leading team wear yellow helmets. There has been an intermediate sprints classification , which from awarded a red jersey  for points awarded to the first three to pass intermediate points during the stage.
These sprints also scored points towards the points classification and bonuses towards the general classification. The intermediate sprints classification with its red jersey was abolished in ,  but the intermediate sprints have remained, offering points for the points classification and, until , time bonuses for the general classification.
From there was a combination classification ,  scored on a points system based on standings in the general, points and mountains classifications.
The design was originally white, then a patchwork with areas resembling each individual jersey design. This was also abolished in The rider who has taken most time is called the lanterne rouge red lantern, as in the red light at the back of a vehicle so it can be seen in the dark and in past years sometimes carried a small red light beneath his saddle.
Such was sympathy that he could command higher fees in the races that previously followed the Tour. In and the organisers excluded the last rider every day, to encourage more competitive racing.
Prize money has always been awarded. From 20, francs the first year,  prize money has increased each year, although from to the first prize was an apartment offered by a race sponsor.
The first prize in was a car, a studio-apartment, a work of art, and , francs in cash. Prizes only in cash returned in Prizes and bonuses are awarded for daily placings and final placings at the end of the race.
The Souvenir Henri Desgrange , in memory of the founder of the Tour, is awarded to the first rider over the Col du Galibier where his monument stands,  or to the first rider over the highest col in the Tour.
A similar award, the Souvenir Jacques Goddet , is made at the summit of the Col du Tourmalet , at the memorial to Jacques Goddet , Desgrange's successor.
The Tour directors categorise mass-start stages into 'flat', 'hilly', or 'mountain'. The first prologue was in The final time trial has sometimes been the final stage, more recently often the penultimate stage.
As the peloton arrives in downtown Paris the French Air Force does a three-jet flyover with the three colors of the French flag in smoke behind them.
This stage rarely challenges the leader because it is flat and the leader usually has too much time in hand to be denied.
In modern times, there tends to be a gentlemen's agreement: while the points classification is still contended if possible, the overall classification is not fought over; because of this, it is not uncommon for the de facto winner of the overall classification to ride into Paris holding a glass of champagne.
The only time the Maillot Jaune was attacked in a manner that lasted all the way through the end of this stage was during the Tour de France.
In , Pedro Delgado vowed to attack during the stage to challenge the second lead held by Stephen Roche. He was unsuccessful and he and Roche finished in the peloton.
In the last stage was a time trial. Greg LeMond overtook Laurent Fignon to win by eight seconds, the closest margin in the Tour's history.
The climb of Alpe d'Huez has become one of the more noted mountain stages. During the Tour de France it was the scene of a Riders complained of abusive spectators who threatened their progress up the climb.
Another notable mountain stage frequently featured climbs the Col du Tourmalet , the most visited mountain in the history of the Tour.
Col du Galibier is the most visited mountain in the Alps. During the Tour de France multiple landslides and hail storms forced two critical mountain stages to be considerably shortened.
Authorities made every effort to plow the road and make the course safe, but the volume of hail, mud and debris proved too much.
To host a stage start or finish brings prestige and business to a town. The race may start with a prologue too short to go between towns in which case the start of the next day's racing, which would be considered stage 1, usually in the same town.
In director Christian Prudhomme said that "in general, for a period of five years we have the Tour start outside France three times and within France twice.
With the switch to the use of national teams in , the costs of accommodating riders fell to the organizers instead of the sponsors and Henri Desgrange raised the money by allowing advertisers to precede the race.
The procession of often colourfully decorated trucks and cars became known as the publicity caravan. It formalised an existing situation, companies having started to follow the race.
The first to sign to precede the Tour was the chocolate company, Menier , one of those who had followed the race.
Preceding the race was more attractive to advertisers because spectators gathered by the road long before the race or could be attracted from their houses.
Advertisers following the race found that many who had watched the race had already gone home. Menier handed out tons of chocolate in that first year of preceding the race, as well as , policemen's hats printed with the company's name.
The success led to the caravan's existence being formalised the following year. The caravan was at its height between and the mids, before television and especially television advertising was established in France.
Advertisers competed to attract public attention. It bellows, it plays ugly music, it's sad, it's ugly, it smells of vulgarity and money.
On top of that come the more considerable costs of the commercial samples that are thrown to the crowd and the cost of accommodating the drivers and the staff—frequently students—who throw them.
Together, they weighed 32 tonnes 31 long tons; 35 short tons. Numbers vary but there are normally around vehicles each year.
Their order on the road is established by contract, the leading vehicles belonging to the largest sponsors.
The procession sets off two hours before the start and then regroups to precede the riders by an hour and a half.
Vehicles travel in groups of five. Their position is logged by GPS and from an aircraft and organised on the road by the caravan director—Jean-Pierre Lachaud [n 9] —an assistant, three motorcyclists, two radio technicians, and a breakdown and medical crew.
The first three Tours from — stayed within France. No teams from Italy, Germany, or Spain rode in because of tensions preceding the Second World War after German assistance to the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War it was widely expected Spain would join Germany in a European war, though this did not come to pass.
Henri Desgrange planned a Tour for , after war had started but before France had been invaded. The route, approved by military authorities, included a route along the Maginot Line.
The first German team after the war was in , although individual Germans had ridden in mixed teams. The Tour has since started in Germany four times: in Cologne in , in Frankfurt in , in West Berlin on the city's th anniversary in , and in Düsseldorf in Plans to enter East Germany in were abandoned.
It would be difficult to find accommodation for 4, people, he said. If they are really thinking of a possible terrorist action, they are wrong. Our movement, which is nationalist and in favour of self-government, would be delighted if the Tour came to Corsica.
Most stages are in mainland France, although since the mids it has become common to visit nearby countries:  Andorra, Belgium, Germany and the former West Germany , Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom have all hosted stages or part of a stage.
The following editions of the Tour started, or are planned to start, outside France: . The Tour was first followed only by journalists from L'Auto , the organisers.
The race was founded to increase sales of a floundering newspaper and its editor, Desgrange, saw no reason to allow rival publications to profit.
The first time papers other than L'Auto were allowed was , when 15 press cars were allowed for regional and foreign reporters.
The Tour was shown first on cinema newsreels a day or more after the event. They used telephone lines. In they broadcast the sound of riders crossing the col d'Aubisque in the Pyrenees on 12 July, using a recording machine and transmitting the sound later.
The first television pictures were shown a day after a stage. The national TV channel used two 16mm cameras, a Jeep, and a motorbike.
Film was flown or taken by train to Paris, where it was edited and then shown the following day. The first live broadcast, and the second of any sport in France, was the finish at the Parc des Princes in Paris on 25 July The first live coverage from the side of the road was from the Aubisque on 8 July Proposals to cover the whole race were abandoned in after objections from regional newspapers whose editors feared the competition.
In the first mountain climbs were broadcast live on television for the first time,  and in helicopters were first used for the television coverage.
The leading television commentator in France was a former rider, Robert Chapatte. At first he was the only commentator.
He was joined in following seasons by an analyst for the mountain stages and by a commentator following the competitors by motorcycle.
Competition between channels raised the broadcasting fees paid to the organisers from 1. Tour de France route map by About-France.
Click stage anywhere along the route in France for regional tourism info. Accommodation for the Tour de France All hotel rooms in and around the start and finish points get booked up very fast by the teams and the media.
Media related to Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For a more comprehensive list, see List of teams and cyclists in the Tour de France.
Retrieved 6 April Tour de France. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 2 April Limburgs Dagblad in Dutch. Archived from the original on 16 May Retrieved 17 June Friese koerier in Dutch.
Retrieved 2 May Leeuwarder Courant in Dutch. Gazet van Antwerpen in Dutch. Archived from the original on 6 July El Mundo Deportivo in Spanish.
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Beer breaks during the Tour de France. Some observations on beer and cycling in the early s. Velonews, [cit.
Zabel and Aldag confess EPO usage [online]. Astana Pulls Out of Tour de France [online]. The Associated Press, [cit.Jean-Claude Lebaube. Cycling was an endurance sport and the organisers realised the sales they would achieve by creating supermen of the competitors. France you don't know El Mundo Deportivo. Eine Reihe von farblich abgehobenen Trikots kennzeichnen die besten Fahrer verschiedener Wertungen. Desgrange and his Tour invented bicycle stage racing. The procession of often colourfully decorated trucks and Raft Online Spielen became known as the publicity caravan. After the Tour de France there are criteriums in the Netherlands and Belgium. Toulouse was added later to break the long EiskГ¶nigin Spiele Online across southern France from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic. He was also rich and could afford to indulge his whims, which included founding Le Nain Jaune the yellow gnomea publication that " Die rote Rückennummer wird nach jeder Etappe an Deutschland Spiel kämpferischsten Fahrer des gesamten Fahrerfeldes vergeben. Het zweet der goden: legende van de wielersport 4th Fussball Wetten Vorhersage App. In den Austragungen von bis wurden keinerlei Zeitgutschriften vergeben. The Tour de France was the 54th edition of the Tour de France, one of cycling's Grand Tours. It took place between 29 June and 23 July, with 22 stages covering a distance of 4, km. Thirteen national teams of ten riders competed, with three French teams, two Belgian, two Italian, two Spanish, one each from Germany, United Kingdom and the Netherlands, and a Swiss/Luxembourgian team. Dates: 29 June – 23 July. Highlights of final stage of Tour de France as Pogacar and Bennett star in Paris. 20/09 at Tour de France. Sean Kelly reacts as Sam Bennett joins him as an Irish green jersey winner. Im Special zur Tour de France erfahren Sie alles zum großen Radsport-Ereignis in Frankreich. Verfolgen Sie jede Etappe der Frankreich-Rundfahrt live im Ticker. Mit News, Hintergrundberichten.