Three Kingdoms wird für manche eins der besten Total Wars aller Zeiten sein, für andere kaum ein Fortschritt. Wir sagen euch, in welches. Total War Three Kingdoms kaufen - 3 Kingdoms ist der erste Teil der preisgekrönten Strategiespielreihe, der den epischen Konflikt im alten China nachzeichnet. Rafe de Crespigny: The Three Kingdoms and Western Jin. A History of China in the 3rd Century II. In: East Asian History 2, , S. ff. Albert E. Dien.
Total War: Three KingdomsThree Kingdoms wird für manche eins der besten Total Wars aller Zeiten sein, für andere kaum ein Fortschritt. Wir sagen euch, in welches. Total War Three Kingdoms kaufen - 3 Kingdoms ist der erste Teil der preisgekrönten Strategiespielreihe, der den epischen Konflikt im alten China nachzeichnet. Wie heißt der Kaiser von China? Genau diese Frage versuchen die "drei Reiche" bei Total War: Three Kingdoms mit Waffengewalt auf dem.
3 Kingdoms Navigation menu Video10 Things I Wish I Knew Before Playing Total War: THREE KINGDOMS (2020)
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Discord Facebook Pages Facebook Group Forum. Full Client Patch Order DVD. Support FAQs. Shortly after Guan Yu's death, Cao Cao died of a brain tumour in Luoyang.
His son and successor, Cao Pi , forced Emperor Xian to abdicate the throne to him and established the state of Cao Wei to replace the Han dynasty.
About a year later, Liu Bei declared himself emperor and founded the state of Shu Han as a continuation of the Han dynasty. While Liu Bei was planning to avenge Guan Yu, Zhang Fei was assassinated in his sleep by his subordinates.
As Liu Bei led a large army to avenge Guan Yu and retake Jing Province, Sun Quan attempted to appease him by offering to return him the territories in southern Jing Province.
Liu Bei's subjects urged him to accept Sun Quan's offer but Liu insisted on avenging his sworn brother.
Lu Xun initially pursued Liu Bei while the latter retreated after his defeat, but gave up after getting trapped inside and barely escaping from Zhuge Liang's Stone Sentinel Maze.
Liu Bei died in Baidicheng from illness a few months later. On his deathbed, Liu Bei granted Zhuge Liang permission to take the throne if his son and successor, Liu Shan , proved to be an inept ruler.
Zhuge Liang firmly refused and swore to remain faithful to the trust Liu Bei had placed in him. After Liu Bei's death, Cao Pi induced several forces, including Sun Quan, a turncoat Shu general Meng Da , the Nanman and Qiang tribes, to attack Shu, in coordination with a Wei army.
However, Zhuge Liang managed to make the five armies retreat without any bloodshed. He also sent Deng Zhi to make peace with Sun Quan and restore the alliance between Shu and Wu.
Zhuge Liang then personally led a southern campaign against the Nanman, defeated them seven times, and won the allegiance of the Nanman king, Meng Huo.
After pacifying the south, Zhuge Liang led the Shu army on five military expeditions to attack Wei as part of his mission to restore the Han dynasty.
However, his days were numbered because he had been suffering from chronic illness and his condition worsened under stress.
He would die of illness at the Battle of Wuzhang Plains while leading a stalemate battle against the Wei general Sima Yi. The long years of battle between Shu and Wei saw many changes in the ruling Cao family in Wei.
The influence of the Caos weakened after Cao Rui 's death and state power eventually fell into the hands of the regent Sima Yi and subsequently to his sons, Sima Shi and Sima Zhao.
In Shu, Jiang Wei inherited Zhuge Liang's legacy and continued to lead another nine campaigns against Wei for three decades, but ultimately failed to achieve any significant success.
The Shu emperor Liu Shan also turned out to be an incompetent ruler who trusted corrupt officials. Shu gradually declined under Liu Shan's rule and was eventually conquered by Wei forces.
Jiang Wei attempted to restore Shu with the help of Zhong Hui , a Wei general dissatisfied with Sima Zhao, but their plan failed and both of them were killed by Wei soldiers.
Shortly after the fall of Shu, Sima Zhao died and his son, Sima Yan , forced the last Wei emperor, Cao Huan , to abdicate the throne to him. Sima Yan then established the Jin dynasty to replace the state of Cao Wei.
In Wu, there had been internal conflict among the nobles since Sun Quan's death. The regents Zhuge Ke and Sun Chen consecutively attempted to usurp the throne but were eventually ousted from power and eliminated in coups.
Although stability was temporarily restored in Wu, the last Wu emperor, Sun Hao , turned out to be a tyrant. Wu, the last of the Three Kingdoms, was eventually conquered by the Jin dynasty.
The fall of Wu marked the end of the near century-long era of civil strife historically known as the Three Kingdoms period.
The novel draws from Chen Shou 's Records of the Three Kingdoms as the main historical source. Other major influences include Liu Yiqing 's A New Account of the Tales of the World Shishuo Xinyu , published in ,  and the Sanguozhi Pinghua , a chronological collection of eighty fictional sketches starting with the peach garden oath and ending with Zhuge Liang's death.
Some 50 or 60 Yuan and early Ming plays about the Three Kingdoms are known to have existed, and their material is almost entirely fictional, based on thin threads of actual history.
The novel is thus a return to greater emphasis on history, compared to these dramas. Nonetheless, the description of the social conditions and the logic that the characters use is accurate to the Three Kingdoms period, creating "believable" situations and characters, even if they are not historically accurate.
Romance of the Three Kingdoms , like the dramas and folk stories of its day, features Liu Bei and his associates as the protagonists; hence the depiction of the people in Shu Han was glorified.
The antagonists, Cao Cao, Sun Quan and their followers, on the other hand, were often denigrated. This suited the political climate in the Ming dynasty, unlike in the Jin dynasty when Cao Wei was considered the legitimate successor to the Han dynasty.
Some non-historical scenes in the novel have become well-known and subsequently became a part of traditional Chinese culture. In the introduction to the reprint of the Brewitt-Taylor translation, Roy Andrew Miller argues that the novel's chief theme is "the nature of human ambition".
The opening lines of the novel, "The empire, long divided, must unite; long united, must divide. Thus it has ever been", added by Mao Lun and Mao Zonggang in their recension,   epitomise the tragic theme of the novel.
One recent critic notes that the novel takes political and moral stands and lets the reader know which of the characters are heroes and which villains, yet the heroes are forced to make a tragic choice between equal values, not merely between good and evil.
The heroes know that the end of the empire is ordained by this cosmic cycle of division and unity, yet their choices are moral, based on loyalty, not political.
Plaks states the novel deals with the "cyclical theories of dynastic decline," and relates the "breakdown of order" at the end of the Han dynasty to "the improper exercise of imperial authority, the destabilisation influence of special-interest groups eunuchs, imperial clansmen , the problem of factional and individual idealism carried to the point of civil strife-all of which eventually surface in the body of the narrative.
Besides the famous Peach Garden Oath, many Chinese proverbs in use today are derived from the novel:. It means that wives and children, like clothing, are replaceable if lost but the same does not hold true for one's brothers or friends.
The Han royal house declined when the eunuchs abused the sovereign and officials subverted the government. Mao Zonggang suggests that the historiography of the Three Kingdoms began with the rise of the Ten Eunuchs.
He further argues that the Romance of the Three Kingdoms defines the end of the era as , the downfall of Wu, justifying:.
As the novel focuses on Han, it could have ended with the fall of Han. But Wei usurped Han. To end the tale before Han's enemy had itself met its fate would be to leave the reader unsatisfied.
The novel could have ended with the fall of Wei, but Han's ally was Wu. To end the tale before Han's ally had fallen would be to leave the reader with an incomplete picture.
So the tale had to end with the fall of Wu. Several other starting points for the period are given by Chinese historians: during the final years of the Han dynasty, such as the Yellow Turban Rebellion in ;   the year after the beginning of the rebellion, ;  Dong Zhuo deposing Emperor Shao of Han and enthroning Emperor Xian of Han in ;   Dong Zhuo sacking Luoyang and moving the capital to Chang'an in ;  or Cao Cao placing the emperor under his control in Xuchang in The power of the Eastern Han dynasty went into depression and steadily declined from a variety of political and economic problems after the death of Emperor He in AD.
A series of Han emperors ascended the throne while still youths, and "de facto" imperial power often rested with the emperors' older relatives. As these relatives occasionally were loath to give up their influence, emperors would, upon reaching maturity, be forced to rely on political alliances with senior officials and eunuchs to achieve control of the government.
Political posturing and infighting between imperial relatives and eunuch officials was a constant problem in Chinese government at the time.
The first and second protests met with failure, and the court eunuchs persuaded the emperor to execute many of the protesting scholars.
Some local rulers seized the opportunity to exert despotic control over their lands and citizens, since many feared to speak out in the oppressive political climate.
Emperors Huan and Ling's reigns were recorded as particularly dark periods of Han dynasty rule. In addition to political oppression and mismanagement, China experienced a number of natural disasters during this period, and local rebellions sprung up throughout the country.
In the third month of , Zhang Jiao , leader of the Way of Supreme Peace, a Taoist movement, along with his two brothers Zhang Liang and Zhang Bao , led the movement's followers in a rebellion against the government that was called the Yellow Turban Rebellion.
Their movement quickly attracted followers and soon numbered several hundred thousand and received support from many parts of China. They had 36 bases throughout China, with large bases having 10, or more followers and minor bases having 6, to 7,, similar to Han armies.
Their motto was:. Emperor Ling dispatched generals Huangfu Song , Lu Zhi , and Zhu Jun to lead the Han armies against the rebels, and decreed that local governments had to supply soldiers to assist in their efforts.
It is at this point that the historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms begins its narrative. The Yellow Turbans were ultimately defeated and its surviving followers dispersed throughout China, but due to the turbulent situation throughout the empire, many were able to survive as bandits in mountainous areas, thus continuing their ability to contribute to the turmoil of the era.
With the widespread increase in bandits across the Chinese nation, the Han army had no way to repel each and every raiding party.
In , Emperor Ling accepted a memorial from Liu Yan suggesting he grant direct administrative power over feudal provinces and direct command of regional military to local governors, as well as promoting them in rank and filling such positions with members of the Liu family or court officials.
This move made provinces zhou official administrative units, and although they had power to combat rebellions, the later intra-governmental chaos allowed these local governors to easily rule independently of the central government.
Liu Yan was also promoted as governor of Yi Province [d]. Soon after this move, Liu Yan severed all of his region's ties to the Han imperial court, and several other areas followed suit.
In the same year, Emperor Ling died, and another struggle began between the court eunuchs for control of the imperial family. Court eunuch Jian Shuo planned to kill Regent Marshal He Jin , a relative of the imperial family, and to replace the crown prince Liu Bian with his younger brother Liu Xie , the Prince of Chenliu in present-day Kaifeng , though his plan was unsuccessful.
Liu Bian took the Han throne as Emperor Shao, and He Jin plotted with warlord Yuan Shao to assassinate the Ten Attendants , a clique of twelve eunuchs led by Zhang Rang who controlled much of the imperial court.
He Jin also ordered Dong Zhuo , the frontier general in Liang Province, and Ding Yuan , Inspector of Bing Province, [e] to bring troops to the capital to reinforce his position of authority.
The eunuchs learned of He Jin's plot, and had him assassinated before Dong Zhuo reached the capital Luoyang.
When Yuan Shao's troops reached Luoyang, they stormed the palace complex, killing the Ten Attendants and 2, of the eunuchs' supporters.
Though this move effectively ended the century-long feud between the eunuchs and the imperial family, this event prompted the invitation of Dong Zhuo to the outskirts of Luoyang from the northwest boundary of China.
On the evening of 24 September , General Dong Zhuo observed that Luoyang was set ablaze—as a result of a power struggle between the eunuchs and civil service—and commanded his army forward to strike down the disorder.
In East China, in an attempt to restore the power of the Han, a large coalition against Dong Zhuo began to rise, with leaders such as Yuan Shao, Yuan Shu, and Cao Cao.
In , there was some talk among the coalition of appointing Liu Yu , an imperial relative, as emperor, and gradually its members began to fall out.
Most of the warlords in the coalition, with a few exceptions, sought the increase of personal military power in the time of instability instead of seriously wishing to restore the Han dynasty's authority.
The Han empire was divided between a number of regional warlords. As a result of the complete collapse of the central government and eastern alliance, the North China Plain fell into warfare and anarchy with many contenders vying for success or survival.
Dong Zhuo, confident in his success, was slain by his follower Lü Bu , who plotted with minister Wang Yun.
Lü Bu, in turn, was attacked by Dong Zhuo's former officers : Li Jue , Guo Si , Zhang Ji and Fan Chou. Wang Yun and his whole family were executed.
Lü Bu fled to Zhang Yang , a northern warlord, and remained with him for a time before briefly joining Yuan Shao, but it was clear that Lü Bu was far too independent to serve another.
Yuan Shao operated from Ye city in Ji Province , extending his power north of the Yellow River. Between the Yellow and Huai rivers, a conflict had erupted between Yuan Shu, Cao Cao, Tao Qian Governor of Xu Province and Lü Bu.
In the northeast, Gongsun Du held control of the Liaodong Peninsula and its environs, where he had established a state.
In , Kang invaded Goguryeo again, took the capital of Goguryeo and forced them to submit. Goguryeo was forced to move its capital further east. In , Cao Cao went to war with Tao Qian of Xu Province, because Tao's subordinate Zhang Kai had murdered Cao Cao's father Cao Song.
Tao Qian received the support of Liu Bei and Gongsun Zan, but even then it seemed as if Cao Cao's superior forces would overrun Xu Province entirely.
Cao Cao received word that Lü Bu had seized Yan Province in his absence, and accordingly he retreated, putting a halt to hostilities with Tao Qian for the time being.
Tao Qian died in the same year, leaving his province to Liu Bei. A year later, in , Cao Cao managed to drive Lü Bu out of Yan Province.
Lü Bu fled to Xu Province and was received by Liu Bei, and an uneasy alliance began between the two. Afterwards, Lü Bu betrayed Liu Bei and seized Xu Province, forming an alliance with Yuan Shu's remnant forces.
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Show HTML View more styles. Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Andy Lau Zhao Zilong Sammo Kam-Bo Hung Luo Ping-An Maggie Q Cao Ying Cunxin Pu Zhuge Liang Andy On Deng Zhi Rongguang Yu Han De Hua Yueh Liu Bei Lung Ti Guan Yu Zhi-Hui Chen Zhang Yan is an underdog and a man of opportunity, hovering between nobility and banditry and taking the path that best serves him.
Zheng Jiang is a law unto herself, a fierce warrior who wants nothing more than to see the Han dynasty fall — no matter what the cost.
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